The Scientific Method
Long before the world accepted cold science and scientific investigation, issues and “truths” were determined through arguments. Sadly, arguments do not give assurance the truthfulness of a belief.
One must have proof first before jumping to any conclusion. And proof is derived only after careful observation and disciplined experiments are performed. This process is called scientific method.
What’s the scientific method?
The “scientific method” is not really something new because we apply it everyday, although we may not be conscious of it. Instinctively, we solve a problem systematically. The scientific method is the manner of organizing our thoughts to help us find the most effective and efficient answer to our problem.
II. STEPS IN SCIENTIFIC METHOD
How do I use the scientific method?
The scientific method is a series of steps that you need to follow when you’re solving a problem. In this blog, we present a simple five-step scientific method that may help you solve your problems.
Problem: First you should know the problem that you wanted to solve. Determine your purpose for using scientific method. It is easier to come up with the answer if one thoroughly understands the problem.
Data: What are the necessary information needed to solve your problem? You need to have some observations regarding the problem you are trying to solve.You also need to formulate questions that may lead you to more important details about the problem.
Hypothesis: An educated guess, the possible answer. This would include the first question: “What are the possible ways to solve my problems?” You may come up with more than one hypothesis. A hypothesis is comprised of an independent and a dependent variables.The independent variable shows what you are going to do to solve the problem and the dependent variable shows the possible outcome of what you will do. Thus, your hypothesis should be testable.
Remember that a hypothesis is different from a theory. A hypothesis is often known as a “guess” or a “working assumption.” On the other hand, a theory is a conceptual framework that explains existing observations and predicts new ones.
Experiments:This is the act of testing your hypothesis. This process will show you which hypothesis corresponds to the right answer to your problem. This might also include the procedures you have followed in your experiments. This will be the key in coming up with the right answer to your problem.
Conclusion: What do the results mean? Was one of your hypotheses correct? You can make this as short as you want to. A short conclusion would be easier to understand, hence, the shorter the conclusion, the better.
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